Information security sometimes called as Infosec, is the practice of protecting information by mitigating information risks. It is part of information risk management.
“Information Security or Cyber Security is the protection of computer systems and networks from the theft of or damage to their hardware, software, or electronic data as well as from the disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.”
I know This is a difficult definition, For example assuming that you have stored some of your private data such as passwords, contacts, anywhere, it is called information, but if you have not done any security protocol in this information of your own, then it is called insecure Information and any thief can access it and modified it. Therefore, information security is used to deal with this problem in which only authorized users can access the information. If it is not, then it is a system/server flaw. Most multinational companies hire cyber security researchers to secure their servers (data) or to organize programs to find bugs. In which the hacker earns a lot of money. So Infosec is all about protecting the systems from unauthorized access and finding vulnerabilities on systems.
FIELD IN INFORMATION SECURITY
There are different security fields that provide vast opportunities for both job and research. Below are the prominent categories that offer good career opportunities :
- Chief Information Security Officer (CISO):
A CISO is a C-level management executive whose primary task is to oversee the general operations of an organization’s IT security department and other related staff. The organization’s overall security is the foremost concern of the CISO. CISOs make a median salary of $158,939, according to PayScale’s estimates. On the lower end, CISOs can expect to make at least $104K, but those in some of the larger organizations can earn as much as $222K a year.
- Security Director:
A Security Director is a senior-level employee whose task is to oversee the implementation of all IT security measures throughout an organization. As such, Security Directors are responsible for designing, managing and allocating resources to various security programs within an organization’s security department; creating user awareness and security compliance education campaigns; interacting with non-management employees; and offering key assistance to law enforcement in the event of a security incident and subsequent investigation. Security Directors’ median salary is $139,939. PayScale’s estimates locate the salary range for Security Directors between $85K and $176K.
- IT Security Architect:
An IT Security Architect is a senior-level employee who is responsible for building and maintaining the computer and network security infrastructure for an organization. IT Security Architects make a median salary of $122,272. According to PayScale, those on the lower end of the spectrum make around $85K, whereas the highest-paid IT Security Architects earn approximately $160K.
- Security Manager:
A Security Manager is a mid-level employee who manages an organization’s IT security policy. Soft skills such as leadership and strong interpersonal and communication skills are therefore crucial for Security Managers to be successful. Security Managers make on average a salary of $104,914. They can expect to earn at least $71K, according to PayScale, but those in larger organizations can make as much as $147K.
- Malware Analyst:
A Malware Analyst is responsible for helping an organization understand the viruses, worms, bots, Trojans, and other malicious software that threaten its network on a daily basis. Malware Analysts make a median salary of $92,880, says PayScale. They can expect to earn at least $66K, but some can take home as much as $118K a year.
- Penetration Tester:
A Penetration Tester is responsible for probing applications, systems, and networks for vulnerabilities as a test of an organization’s digital security defenses. Penetration Testers make a median salary between $82,235. Overall, they can expect to earn between $56K and $132, reveals PayScale.
There are many other fields in infosec where you can choose and boost your career with a great high paying salary.
Two years ago, the Union ministry of information technology estimated that India would need five lakh cyber security professionals, a far cry from reality. “The estimate is that we have just about 50,000; we need at least one million skilled people by 2020,” said Nasscom president R Chandrasekhar.
Article By – Sarvesh Gupta